Women’s economic rights in developing countries and the gender gap in migration to Germany

Neumayer, Eric and Plümper, Thomas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1461-0737 (2021) Women’s economic rights in developing countries and the gender gap in migration to Germany. IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 12 (13). pp. 1-23. ISSN 2520-1786

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Abstract

There is a large variation across countries of origin in the gender composition of migrants com-ing to Germany. We argue that women’s economic rights in developing countries of origin have three effects on their migration prospects to a place like Germany that is far away and difficult to reach. First, the lower are women’s economic rights the fewer women have access to and control over the resources needed to migrate to Germany. Second, the lower are the rights the lower is women’s agency to make or otherwise influence migration decisions. These two con-straining effects on the female share in migrant populations dominate the opposing third effect that stems from low levels of women’s economic rights generating a potentially powerful push factor. We find corroborating evidence in our analysis of the gender composition of migration to Germany over the period 2009–2017.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: migration, economic rights, gender, resources, agency
Classification Codes: JEL F22, K37, O15
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Soziologie u Empirische Sozialforschung
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2021 09:13
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2021 09:13
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/102751/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/8502

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