Distributed Ledger Technology Applications in Food Supply Chains: A Review of Challenges and Future Research Directions

Nurgazina, Jamilya and Pakdeetrakulwong, Udsanee and Moser, Thomas and Reiner, Gerald ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7560-3410 (2021) Distributed Ledger Technology Applications in Food Supply Chains: A Review of Challenges and Future Research Directions. Sustainability, 13. pp. 1-26. ISSN 2071-1050

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Abstract

The lack of transparency and traceability in food supply chains (FSCs) is raising concerns among consumers and stakeholders about food information credibility, food quality, and safety. Insufficient records, a lack of digitalization and standardization of processes, and information exchange are some of the most critical challenges, which can be tackled with disruptive technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain, and distributed ledger technologies (DLTs). Studies provide evidence that novel technological and sustainable practices in FSCs are necessary. This paper aims to describe current practical applications of DLTs and IoT in FSCs, investigating the challenges of implementation, and potentials for future research directions, thus contributing to achievement of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Within a systematic literature review, the content of 69 academic publications was analyzed, describing aspects of implementation and measures to address the challenges of scalability, security, and privacy of DLT, and IoT solutions. The challenges of high costs, standardization, regulation, interoperability, and energy consumption of DLT solutions were also classified as highly relevant, but were not widely addressed in literature. The application of DLTs in FSCs can potentially contribute to 6 strategic SDGs, providing synergies and possibilities for more sustainable, traceable, and transparent FSCs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This paper was jointly supported by OeAD-GmbH/ICM in cooperation with ASEA-UNINET and funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research (BMBWF), project number ICM-2019-13796; the Lower Austrian Research and Education Promotion Agency (NFB) dis- sertation grant number SC18-015; and Austrian Blockchain Center, project number 868625, financed by The Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG).
Keywords: distributed ledger technology; Internet of Things; food supply chain; blockchain; sustainability; IoT; review
Divisions: Departments > Wirtschaftsinformatik u. Operations Mgmt > Produktionsmanagement
Departments > Wirtschaftsinformatik u. Operations Mgmt > Produktionsmanagement > Reiner
Forschungsinstitute > Supply Chain Management
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2021 09:34
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 08:28
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/102010/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/8398

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