Social Mindfulness and Prosociality Vary across the Globe

Van Doesum, Niels J. and Murphy, Ryan O. and Gallucci, Marcello and Aharonov-Majar, Efrat and Athenstaedt, Ursula and Tung Au, Wing and Bai, Liying and Böhm, Robert and Bovina, Inna and Buchan, Nancy R. and Chen, Xiao-Ping and Dumont, Kitty B. and Engelmann, Jan B. and Eriksson, Kimmo and Euh, Hyun and Fiedler, Susann and Friesen, Justin and Gächter, Simon and Garcia, Camilo and González, Roberto and Graf, Sylvie and Growiec, Katarzyna and Guimond, Serge and Hřebíčková, Martina and Immer-Bernold, Elizabeth and Joireman, Jeff and Karagonlar, Gokhan and Kawakami, Kerry and Kiyonari, Toko and Kou, Yu and Kuhlman, D. Michael and Kyrtsis, Alexandros-Andreas and Lay, Siugmin and Leonardelli, Geoffrey J. and Li, Norman P. and Li, Yang and Maciejovsky, Boris and Manesi, Zoi and Mashuri, Ali and Mok, Aurelia and Moser, Karin S. and Moták, Ladislav and Netedu, Adrian and Pammi, Chandrasekhar and Platow, Michael J. and Raczka-Winkler, Karolina and Reinders Folmer, Christopher P. and Reyna, Cecilia and Romano, Angelo and Shalvi, Shaul and Simão, Cláudia and Stivers, Adam W. and Strimling, Pontus and Tsirbas, Yannis and Utz, Sonja and van der Meij, Leander and Waldzus, Sven and Wang, Yiwen and Weber, Bernd and Weisel, Ori and Windschut, Tim and Winter, Fabian and Wu, Junhui and Yong, Jose C. and Van Lange, Paul A. M. (2021) Social Mindfulness and Prosociality Vary across the Globe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 118 (35). ISSN 1091-6490

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Humans are social animals, but not everyone will be mindful of others to the same extent. Individual differences have been found, but would social mindfulness also be shaped by one’s location in the world? Expecting cross-national differences to exist, we examined if and how social mindfulness differs across countries. At little to no material cost, social mindfulness typically entails small acts of attention or kindness. Even though fairly common, such low-cost cooperation has received little empirical attention. Measuring social mindfulness across 31 samples from industrialized countries and regions (n = 8,354), we found considerable variation. Among selected country-level variables, greater social mindfulness was most strongly associated with countries’ better general performance on environmental protection. Together, our findings contribute to the literature on prosociality by targeting the kind of everyday cooperation that is more focused on communicating benevolence than on providing material benefits.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: social mindfulness, cross-national differences, low-cost cooperation
Divisions: Departments > Strategy and Innovation > Cognition & Behavior
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2021 12:39
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 12:39
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