Decoupling trends of emissions across EU regions and the role of environmental policies

Naqvi, Syed Ali Asjad ORCID: (2021) Decoupling trends of emissions across EU regions and the role of environmental policies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 323. p. 129130. ISSN 0959-6526

Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

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The paper combines grid-level data of eight emission types –CO2, N20, CH4, NH3, NOX, PM10, PM2.5, and SO2 – with sub-national economic data to create a 1995–2015 balanced panel for NUTS 2 regions in EU countries. Regions on average show decoupling of emissions from output but most of the emission reductions are achieved before the 2008 financial crisis. Post 2008, very weak decoupling and even coupling can be observed. Using OECD’s Environmental Policy Stringency (EPS) Index as an intervention variable, an event study analysis shows that strong policies significantly reduce emissions, but there is considerable heterogeneity in the response by emission types and regional income levels.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding from the FWF Einzelprojekt P-31608-G31 is gratefully acknowledged.
Keywords: Decoupling, Emissions, European Union (EU), NUTS regions, Environmental policy stringency, Difference-in-difference, Event study
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Ecological Economics
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 15:58
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2021 15:15
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