Immigration policy and fertility: Evidence from undocumented migrants in the U.S.

Arenas Arroyo, Esther ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4716-6887 and Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina (2021) Immigration policy and fertility: Evidence from undocumented migrants in the U.S. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 189. pp. 247-297. ISSN 0167-2681

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Abstract

Using the 2005–2014 waves of the American Community Survey – a period characterized by the rapid expansion of interior immigration enforcement initiatives across the United States, we evaluate the impact of a tougher policy environment on undocumented immigrants’ fertility. We find that a one standard deviation increases in enforcement lowers childbearing among likely undocumented women by 5%. The effect stems from police-based measures linked to increased deportations, which may raise uncertainty about the future of the family unit and its resources.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Fertility, Immigration policy, Interior immigration enforcement, Undocumented immigrants, Unauthorized immigrants, United States
Classification Codes: JEL: J13 J15 K37
Divisions: Departments > Volkswirtschaft > Arbeitsmarkttheorie und -politik
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 15:13
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2021 15:13
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/100799/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/8217

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