Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career‐related human potential and proactive career behaviour

Andresen, Maike and Apospori, Eleni and Gunz, Hugh and Suzanne, Pamela Agata and Tangiuchi, Mami and Lysova, Evgenia I. and Adeleye, Ifedapo and Babalola, Olusegun and Bagdadli, Silvia and Bakuwa, Rhoda and Milikić, Biljana Bogićević and Bosak, Janine and Cha, Jong-Seok and Briscoe, Jon P. and Chudzikowski, Katharina and Cotton, Richard and Dello Russo, Silvia and Dickmann, Michael and Dries, Nicky and Dysvik, Anders and Eggenhofer-Rehart, Petra and Fei, Zhangfeng and Ferencikova, Sonia and Gianecchini, Martina and Gubler, Martin and Hackett, Denisa and Hall, Douglas T. and Jepsen, Denise and Çakmak-Otluoğlu, Kadriye Övgü and Kase, Robert and Khapova, Svetlana and Kim, Najung and Lazarova, Mila and Lehmann, Philip and Madero, Sergio and Mandel, Debbie and Mayrhofer, Wolfgang ORCID: and Mishra, Sushanta Kumar and Naito, Chikae and Nikodijević, Ana D. and Parry, Emma and Reichel, Astrid ORCID: and Posada, Paula Liliana Rozo and Saher, Noreen and Saxena, Richa and Schleicher, Nanni and Shen, Yan and Schramm, Florian and Smale, Adam and Unite, Julie and Verbruggen, Marijke and Zikic, Jelena (2020) Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career‐related human potential and proactive career behaviour. Human Resource Management Journal, 30 (3). pp. 365-391. ISSN 1748-8583

Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).

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Careers exist in a societal context that offers both constraints and opportunities for career actors. Whereas most studies focus on proximal individual and/or organisational‐level variables, we provide insights into how career goals and behaviours are understood and embedded in the more distal societal context. More specifically, we operationalise societal context using the career‐related human potential composite and aim to understand if and why career goals and behaviours vary between countries. Drawing on a model of career structuration and using multilevel mediation modelling, we draw on a survey of 17,986 employees from 27 countries, covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters, and national statistical data to examine the relationship between societal context (macrostructure building the career‐opportunity structure) and actors' career goals (career mesostructure) and career behaviour (actions). We show that societal context in terms of societies' career‐related human potential composite is negatively associated with the importance given to financial achievements as a specific career mesostructure in a society that is positively related to individuals' proactive career behaviour. Our career mesostructure fully mediates the relationship between societal context and individuals' proactive career behaviour. In this way, we expand career theory's scope beyond occupation‐ and organisation‐related factors.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Departments > Management > Verhaltenswiss. orientiertes Management
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gisela Ullrich-Rosner
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2020 10:55
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2020 10:55
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