Stratified membership: health care access for urban refugees in Turkey

Spahl, Wanda and Österle, August ORCID: (2019) Stratified membership: health care access for urban refugees in Turkey. Comparative Migration Studies, 7 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 2214-594X

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Turkey hosts more refugees than any other country in the world. Incoming numbers have increased steadily since the outbreak of the Syrian war in 2011. This raises enormous challenges for the host country, not least with regard to the provision of healthcare. This article examines the developments in the light of stratified membership theories. More specifically, it asks how far the healthcare system in Turkey can be categorised as a system of stratified membership for different Groups of urban refugees, focusing on refugees from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. Following a theoretical debate about stratification in the provision of social rights, 16 semi-structured interviews with experts and active participants were carried out in Ankarato understand the situation of urban refugees in need of healthcare. The results confirm assumptions of stratified membership theories which understand Citizenship in a broad sense as comprising the interconnected dynamics between social rights, legal status and identity requirements. Next to ethnic categories of origin defining the status in Turkey, factors such as language skills or the individual Economic situation also play crucial roles for stratified membership both as an empirical factand as a constructed practice.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Access, Citizenship studies, Healthcare, Refugees, Social rights, Syrians, Turkey
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 09:20
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2019 10:35
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