Impact of Internet of Things on Urban Mobility

Vaidian, Iulia and Azmat, Muhammad ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8894-3737 and Kummer, Sebastian (2019) Impact of Internet of Things on Urban Mobility. In: Innovation Arabia 12, 24-27 Feb 2019, Dubai.

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Abstract

The urban population is predicted to increase to 66% by 2050. The rapid growth of urbanization and increasing congestion are significant challenges faced by the world today. Innovative solutions in urban mobility are key for a successful development and a sustainable future. The new paradigm, Internet of Things (IoT), facilitates the need for new approaches in urban transportation, leading to a modern concept: Smart Mobility. The boom of technology and innovation from recent years allowed a great expansion of IoT. Furthermore, the number of smart devices that communicate, cooperate and complement each other, grows rapidly in every domain broadening the scope of IoT applications. This paper sets to discuss the impact that IoT might have on urban mobility, mentioning its implications, challenges and technical solutions. It further reviews the advancements made in the transport infrastructure along the years that support the emergence of Smart Mobility. Three main research questions stay at the forefront of this paper which are drafted in pursuit of the solutions for the problems and challenges currently faced by urban transportation. Which leads to a sustainable future with efficient and effective urban transportation system. The paper uses a mix-method approach, using on one hand qualitative research for literature review (State of the field) and on the other hand quantitative research to assess public opinion on the research topic, through an online questionnaire. To answer the research questions with proper arguments, both research methods were necessary, which lead to optimal results. The results of the questionnaire were interpreted based on Spearman's correlation and descriptive statistical analysis. They brought an in-depth view on the public opinion regarding IoT and the developments enabled by this paradigm within the urban mobility sphere. The output of the questionnaire highlights the eagerness of participants usually stuck in traffic to see innovation within urban mobility. Over all the results based on the opinions suggest that the public strongly believes in the Internet of Thing's applications and its adaptation will benefit the urban transportation system. Furthermore, new developments in the urban mobility sphere will be largely embraced.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: Internet of Things, Urban Mobility, IoT Implications, Sustainability, Smart Mobility, opinion
Divisions: Departments > Welthandel > Transportwirtschaft und Logistik > Kummer
Version of the Document: Published
Variance from Published Version: None
Depositing User: Muhammad Azmat
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2019 07:14
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2019 13:39
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/91617/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/7101

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