How small are small markets? Local market size for child care Services, Working Paper No. 1814

Pennerstorfer, Astrid ORCID: and Pennerstorfer, Dieter (2019) How small are small markets? Local market size for child care Services, Working Paper No. 1814. Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Linz.


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In this article, we propose an innovative way of delineating local markets based on easily accessible data. We apply this concept to the day care industry and investigate providers' location choices relative to local market characteristics to evaluate the widespread presumption that local markets for child care services are geographically very small. Using a panel of all day care centers for the metropolitan region of Vienna, Austria, for nearly a decade, as well as geographically extremely disaggregated data on the spatial distribution of children under the age of six at the 250m×250m grid cell level, we find that the location of children and day care centers are strongly related, but this relationship diminishes as soon as the distance between a child's place of residence and the day care center's location increases. We conclude that local markets for day care services in metropolitan regions are indeed very small (about 500m or 550 yards).

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information: Mit freundlicher Genehmigung des Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, hier zur Verfügung gestellt.
Keywords: spatial market definition, location choice, market entry, child care, grid data
Classification Codes: JEL Classification: R30, R53, L10, H44
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 09:19
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 09:00
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