A joint time-assignment and expenditure-allocation model: value of leisure and value of time assigned to travel for specific population segments

Hössinger, Reinhard and Aschauer, Florian and Jara-Díaz, Sergio and Jokubauskaite, Simona and Schmid, Basil and Peer, Stefanie and Axhausen, Kay W. and Gerike, Regine (2020) A joint time-assignment and expenditure-allocation model: value of leisure and value of time assigned to travel for specific population segments. Transportation, 47. pp. 1439-1475. ISSN 0049-4488

Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Download (1MB)


Based on a time-use model with a sound theoretical basis and carefully collected data for Austria, the value of leisure (VoL) for different population segments has been estimated. Through the combination of these results with mode-specific values of travel time savings from a related study based on the same data, the first mode-specific values of time assigned to travel (VTAT) were calculated. Data was collected using a Mobility-Activity-Expenditure Diary, a novel survey format which gathers all activities, expenditures, and travel decisions from the same individuals for 1 week in a diary-based format. The average VoL is 8.17 Euro/h, which is below the mean wage of 12.14 Euro/h, indicating that the value of work is, on average, negative. Regarding the reliability of the VoL, we show its sensitivity to the variance of working time in a sample, something that has been ignored in previous studies and could be used to avoid inadequate segmentation. We controlled this effect in the analysis of the heterogeneity of the VoL across the population by estimating the parameters from the total (unsegmented) dataset with single interaction terms. We find that the VTAT is strictly negative for walking, predominantly negative for cycling and car, and predominantly positive for public transport with 0.27 Euro/h on average. The positive VTAT for public transport is a strong indication for the importance of travel conditions, in turn suggesting that improvements in travel conditions of public transport might be as important as investing in shorter travel times.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open access funding provided by Austrian Science Fund (FWF). Reinhard Hössinger, Regine Gerike, and Florian Aschauer gratefully thank to Austrian Science Fund (FWF) for funding the research project Valuing (Travel) Time (Award Number I 1491-G11), from which this article arises. Sergio Jara-Díaz would like to thank funding by Fondecyt, Chile, Grant 1160410, and the Complex Engineering Systems Institute, ISCI, Grant CONICYT: FB0816.
Keywords: Value of leisure, Value of time assigned to travel, Time use, Expenditure allocation, Segmentation
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Multi-Level Governance and Development
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 10:12
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2020 13:57
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/91357/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/7019


View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics