FABIO - The Construction of the Food and Agriculture Biomass Input-Output Model

Bruckner, Martin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1405-7951 and Wood, Richard and Moran, Daniel and Kuschnig, Nikolas and Wieland, Hanspeter and Maus, Victor and Börner, Jan (2019) FABIO - The Construction of the Food and Agriculture Biomass Input-Output Model. Ecological Economic Papers, 27. WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna.

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Abstract

Primary crops are linked to final consumption by networks of processes and actors that convert and distribute food and non-food goods. Achieving a sustainable metabolism of this bio-economy is an overarching challenge which manifests itself in a number of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Modelling the physical dimensions of biomass conversion and distribution networks is essential to understanding the characteristics, drivers and dynamics of our societies' biomass metabolism. In this paper, we present the Food and Agriculture Biomass Input-Output model (FABIO), a set of multi-regional supply, use and input-output tables in physical units, that document the complex flows of agricultural and food products in the global economy. The model assembles FAOSTAT statistics reporting crop production, trade, and utilisation in physical units, supplemented by data on technical and metabolic conversion efficiencies, into a consistent, balanced, input-output framework. FABIO covers 191 countries and 130 agriculture, food and forestry products from 1986 to 2013. The physical supply-use tables offered by FABIO provide a comprehensive, transparent and flexible structure for organising data representing flows of materials within metabolic networks. They allow tracing biomass flows and embodied environmental pressures along global supply chains at an unprecedented level of product and country detail and can help to answer a range of questions regarding environment, agriculture, and trade.

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information: This document is the unedited Author's version of a Submitted Work that was subsequently accepted for publication in Environmental Science & Technology. To access the final edited and published work https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acs.est.9b03554
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Ecological Economics
Depositing User: Daniel Schmelz
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 11:12
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2019 14:56
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/91663/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/6991

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