Is the Family Size of Parents and Children Still Related? Revisiting the Cross-Generational Relationship Over the Last Century

Beaujouan, Eva and Solaz, Anne (2019) Is the Family Size of Parents and Children Still Related? Revisiting the Cross-Generational Relationship Over the Last Century. Demography, 56 (2). pp. 595-619. ISSN 1533-779

[img]
Preview
PDF
10.1007_s13524-019-00767-5.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-ND 4.0).

Download (1MB)

Abstract

In most developed countries, the fertility levels of parents and children are positively correlated. This article analyzes the strength of the intergenerational transmission of family size over the last century, including a focus on this reproduction in large and small families. Using the large-scale French Family Survey (2011), we show a weak but significant correlation of approximately 0.12-0.15, which is comparable with levels in other Western countries. It is stronger for women than men, with a gender convergence across cohorts. A decrease in intergenerational transmission is observed across birth cohorts regardless of whether socioeconomic factors are controlled, supporting the idea that the family of origin has lost implicit and explicit influence on fertility choices. As parents were adopting the two-child family norm, the number of siblings lost its importance for having two children, but it continues to explain lower parity and, above all, three-child families. This suggests that the third child has increasingly become an "extra child" (beyond the norm) favored by people from large families.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open access funding provided by Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU). Eva Beaujouan's research was supported by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC Grant No. 284238 (EURREP).
Keywords: Intergenerational Transmission, Fertility, Family size, Parents, Children, Gender
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik > Demographie > Wittgenstein Centre
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2019 10:07
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2019 04:01
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/90487/
URI: https://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/6872

Actions

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics