The limited effect of increasing educational attainment on childlessness trends in twentieth-century Europe, women born 1916-65

Beaujouan, Eva ORCID: and Brzozowska, Zuzanna and Zeman, Krystof (2016) The limited effect of increasing educational attainment on childlessness trends in twentieth-century Europe, women born 1916-65. Population Studies , 70 (3). pp. 275-291. ISSN 0032-4728

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During the twentieth century, trends in childlessness varied strongly across European countries while educational attainment grew continuously across them. Using census and large-scale survey data from 13 European countries, we investigated the relationship between these two factors among women born between 1916 and 1965. Up to the 1940 birth cohort, the share of women childless at age 40+ decreased universally. Afterwards, the trends diverged across countries. The results suggest that the overall trends were related mainly to changing rates of childlessness within educational groups and only marginally to changes in the educational composition of the population. Over time, childlessness levels of the medium-educated and high-educated became closer to those of the low-educated, but the difference in level between the two better educated groups remained stable in Western and Southern Europe and increased slightly in the East.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This research was funded by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC Grant agreement no. 284238 (EURREP project). The CFE database, constructed within this project, is accessible at IPUMS data were originally produced by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office, the Romanian National Institute of Statistics, and the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. The results of the study were presented at the annual conference of the British Society for Population Studies in Winchester in 2014. We thank the EURREP team, and particularly Tomás Sobotka, who provided comments on an earlier draft of this study.
Keywords: Childlessness, cohort fertility, education trends, Eastern Europe, Western Europe
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik > Demographie > Wittgenstein Centre
Version of the Document: Published
Variance from Published Version: None
Depositing User: Mohammad Al Hessan
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2017 16:17
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 09:49
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