Inequalities of Income and Inequalities of Longevity: A Cross-Country Study

Plümper, Thomas and Neumayer, Eric (2016) Inequalities of Income and Inequalities of Longevity: A Cross-Country Study. American Journal of Public Health, 106 (1). pp. 160-165. ISSN 1541-0048

Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).

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Objectives: We examined the effects of market income inequality (income inequality before taxes and transfers) and income redistribution via taxes and transfers on inequality in longevity. Methods: We used life tables to compute Gini coefficients of longevity inequality for all individuals and for individuals who survived to at least 10 years of age. We regressed longevity inequality on market income inequality and income redistribution, and we controlled for potential confounders, in a cross-sectional time-series sample of up to 28 predominantly Western developed countries and up to 37 years (1974-2011). Results: Income inequality before taxes and transfers was positively associated with inequality in the number of years lived; income redistribution (the difference between market income inequality and income inequality after taxes and transfers were accounted for) was negatively associated with longevity inequality. Conclusions. To the extent that our estimated effects derived from observational data are causal, governments can reduce longevity inequality not only via public health policies, but also via their influence on market income inequality and the redistribution of incomes from the relatively rich to the relatively poor.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access Article. Unfortunately the necessary information on open access is missing, permission was issued by the publisher.
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Soziologie u Empirische Sozialforschung
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 09:29
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 03:10
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