The Indignados as a socio-environmental movement. Framing the crisis and democracy

Asara, Viviana and Profumi, Emanuele and Kallis, Giorgos (2016) The Indignados as a socio-environmental movement. Framing the crisis and democracy. Environmental Policy and Governance, 26 (6). pp. 527-542. ISSN 1756-932X


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This study analyzes the framing processes of the Indignados movement in Barcelona, as an exemplar of the latest wave of protests, and argues that it expresses a new ecological-economic way out of the crisis. It finds that the movement was not just a reaction to the economic crisis and austerity policies, but that it put forward a metapolitical critique of the social imaginary and (neo)liberal representative democracy. The diagnostic frames of the movement denunciate the subjugation of politics and justice to economics, and reject the logic of economism. The prognostic frames of the movement advance a vision of socio-ecological sustainability and of "real democracy", each articulated differently by a "pragmatist" and an "autonomist" faction within the movement. It argues that frames are overarching outer boundaries that accommodate different ideologies. Ideologies can nevertheless also be put into question by antagonizing frames. Furthermore, through the lens of the Indignados critique, the distinction between materialist and post-materialist values that characterizes the New Social Movement literature is criticised, as "real democracy" is connected to social and environmental justice as well as to a critique of economism and the "imperial mode of living".

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: To see the final version of this paper please visit the publisher's website. Access to the published version requires a subscription. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: 15-M, collective identity, degrowth, democracy, frame analysis, indignados, new social movement, Occupy
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Multi-Level Governance and Development
Version of the Document: Accepted for Publication
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 14:08
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2018 04:36
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