Paid and unpaid labor in nonprofit organizations: Does the substitution effect exist?

Bittschi, Benjamin and Pennerstorfer, Astrid ORCID: and Schneider, Ulrike (2015) Paid and unpaid labor in nonprofit organizations: Does the substitution effect exist? British Journal of Industrial Relations, 53 (4). pp. 789-815. ISSN 1467-8543

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In nonprofit organizations (NPOs) volunteers often work alongside paid workers. Such a coproduction setting can lead to tension between the two worker groups. This paper examines for the first time if and how volunteers in uence the separation of paid employees, and thus it contributes to the debate over whether volunteers can substitute paid workers. Using Austrian data on an organizational level we find a significant impact of volunteers on the separations of paid workers in NPOs facing increased competition. These findings support the assumption that a partial substitution effect exists between paid workers and volunteers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: volunteer labor / coproduction / nonprofit organizations
Classification Codes: JEL J21, J23, L31
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik > Schneider U.
Version of the Document: Accepted for Publication
Variance from Published Version: Typographical
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2015 13:17
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 09:00
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