Fundamentals in Neurocomputing

Fischer, Manfred M. (1994) Fundamentals in Neurocomputing. Discussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience, 36/94. WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna.


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Neurocomputing - inspired from neuroscience - provides the potential of an alternative information processing paradigm that involves large interconnected networks of relatively simple and typically non-linear processing elements, so-called (artificial) neural networks. There has been a recent resurgence in the field of neural networks, caused by new net topologies and algorithms, and the belief that massive parallelism is essential for high peiformance in several research areas, especially in pattern recognition. This contribution provides a brief introduction to some basic features of neural networks by defining a neural network, reflecting current thinking about the processing that should be peiformed at each processing element of a neural network, discussing the general categories of training that are commonly used to adjust a neural network's weight vector, and finally by characterizing the backpropagation neural networ:k which is one of the most important historical developments in neurocomputing.- The contribution concludes with pointing to some hot topics for future research. It is hoped that this contribution will stimulate the study of neural networks in quantitative geography and regional science. (author's abstract)

Item Type: Paper
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Wirtschaftsgeographie und Geoinformatik > Fischer
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2014 12:18
Last Modified: 04 May 2018 05:50


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