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Objective physical measures and their association with subjective functional limitations in a representative study population of older Thais

Prasitsiriphon, Orawan and Weber, Daniela (2019) Objective physical measures and their association with subjective functional limitations in a representative study population of older Thais. BMC Geriatrics, 19 (1). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1471-2318

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Abstract

In this study, we analyzed elderly people in Thailand to identify the validity of suggested cutoff points of physical measures, handgrip strength, usual walking speed, and a composite score of both measures to predict functional limitations. Moreover, we examined whether these physical performance measures are accurate indicators of the investigated health outcomes. Methods: Using Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) analysis, we investigated a sample of 8272 respondents aged 60 to 79 years. All data were based on the 2009 National Health Examination Survey (NHES IV) of Thailand. Results: For males aged 60 to 69 years, handgrip strength was used as an indicator of functional limitations. The cutoff point for disabilities in the activities of daily living (ADLs) was 29.5 kg, while in other limitations it ranged from 28.7 to 31.3 kg. In contrast, usual walking speed was able to indicate ADL disabilities at 0.7 m per second (m/s). As one might expect, the cutoff points for males aged 70 to 79 years were lower than for males in the 60 to 69 age group. For females, handgrip strength was able to indicate ADL disabilities at 16.5 kg for both the 60 to 69, and 70 to 79 age groups. Likewise, walking speed was indicative of ADL disabilities at 0.6 m/s for both age groups. Interestingly, the composite measure increases the ability to detect ADL disabilities in the younger group but not in the older group. The area under the curve (AUC) of cutoffs measuring the detection power of a diagnostic test was varied, ranging from 0.535 to 0.7386. Conclusions: The cutoff points of three measures varied according to sex and type of functional limitations. Our findings also showed that physical performance measures were useful for identifying people with an increased risk of functional limitations, particularly for ADL disabilities. However, although the AUC of the cutoffs of other functional limitations were relatively low, they should be considered with caution.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The work was supported by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC under Grant ERC2012-AdG 323947-Re-Ageing.
Keywords: Handgrip strength, Usual walking speed, Functional limitations, ADL disabilities, ROC analysis
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik > Demographie > Wittgenstein Centre
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: Gertraud Novotny
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2019 12:06
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 00:36
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/90383/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/6857

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