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Dividing the pie in the eco-social state: Exploring the relationship between public support for environmental and welfare policies

Jakobsson, Niklas and Muttarak, Raya and Schoyen, Mi Ah (2018) Dividing the pie in the eco-social state: Exploring the relationship between public support for environmental and welfare policies. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 36 (2). pp. 313-339. ISSN 2399-6544

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Abstract

Recent theoretical literature in social policy argued that climate change posed a new risk to the states and called for transformation from a traditional welfare state to an "eco" state. From a theoretical point of view, different welfare regimes may manage environmental/climate change risks in a similar way to social risks. However, not much has been done to explore the issue empirically. To this end, this paper aims to investigate public attitudes towards environmental and traditional welfare policies given that environmental change is a new social risk the welfare states have to address. Do individuals that care for one area also care for the other? That is, do the preferences in these two policy spheres complement or substitute one another? We test these hypotheses both at the individual- and country-level, using data from 14 countries included in all three waves (1993, 2000, and 2010) of the environmental module in the International Social Survey Programme. Specifically, we investigate the relationship between attitudes towards income redistribution (indicator of support for welfare policy) and willingness to pay for environmental protection (indicator of support for environmental policy). Our findings suggest that attitudes in the two areas are substitutes in the total sample, but that the relationship is very small and only statistically significant in some specifications. When we explore country differentials, we observe clear heterogeneity in the relationship, which can be explained by differences in political and historical contexts across countries.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Funding for this work was made possible by the research programme Welfare, Working Life and Migration (VAM) of the Research Council of Norway, "Sustainable European welfare societies: Assessing linkages between social and environmental Policy" (Project no.: 236930/H20).
Keywords: Cross-national, environmental attitudes, welfare states, inequality, willingness to pay
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2018 09:47
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2018 11:45
Related URLs:
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/6407

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