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Knowledge bases, innovation and multi-scalar relationships - Which kind of territorial boundedness of industrial clusters?

Tödtling, Franz and Auer, Alexander (2017) Knowledge bases, innovation and multi-scalar relationships - Which kind of territorial boundedness of industrial clusters? SRE - Discussion Papers, 2017/08. WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna.

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Abstract

Innovation is nowadays a highly interdependent process where firms rely on distributed knowledge sources at various spatial scales. It has been argued that innovation interactions are shifting increasingly from local/regional towards global scales and that the region as a space for supporting innovation and competitiveness of firms is losing in importance. We suggest, however, that firms and clusters rely on various kinds of knowledge bases and factors for their development that differ in their geographical mobility and territorial boundedness. Whereas codified knowledge as well as many kinds of goods and services, investment capital, and people have become mobile at a global scale due to improvements of transport- and communication technologies and a lowering of trade barriers, we find other factors that are still territorially bound, such as tacit knowledge that is exchanged in local and social networks, and certain kinds institutions and regulations that are territorially confined. We investigate therefore for different types of industries to what extent and which kind of driving factors for cluster development and innovation have become non-local or footlose, or remain territorially bound to regions or countries. This also has relevance for regional and innovation policies that try to enhance the competitiveness of clusters and regional economies.

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information: This work was supported by the European Science Foundation "Cluster Life Cycles Project" and by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Grant number I 582-G11), and coordinated by Professor Robert Hassink, University of Kiel. We gratefully acknowledge the support of our project partners in the research on which this article is based.
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Multi-Level Governance and Development
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2017 14:35
Last Modified: 04 May 2018 07:50
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/85663/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/5937

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