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Social Participation and Disaster Risk Reduction Behaviors in Tsunami Prone Areas

Witvorapong, Nopphol and Muttarak, Raya and Pothisiri, Wiraporn (2015) Social Participation and Disaster Risk Reduction Behaviors in Tsunami Prone Areas. PLoS ONE, 10 (7). pp. 1-20. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

This paper examines the relationships between social participation and disaster risk reduction actions. A survey of 557 households in tsunami prone areas in Phang Nga, Thailand was conducted following the 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes. We use a multivariate probit model to jointly estimate the likelihood of undertaking three responses to earthquake and tsunami hazards (namely, (1) following disaster-related news closely, (2) preparing emergency kits and/or having a family emergency plan, and (3) having an intention to migrate) and community participation.We find that those who experienced losses from the 2004 tsunami are more likely to participate in community activities and respond to earthquake hazards. Compared to men, women are more likely to prepare emergency kits and/or have an emergency plan and have a greater intention to migrate. Living in a community with a higher proportion of women with tertiary education increases the probability of engaging in community activities and carrying out disaster risk reduction measures. Individuals who participate in village-based activities are 5.2% more likely to undertake all three risk reduction actions compared to those not engaging in community activities. This implies that encouraging participation in community activities can have positive externalities in disaster mitigation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Data Availability Statement: The data are available from the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW and WU) (website: http://www.oeaw.ac.at/wic/index.php?id= 13). Please search for the following dataset: "Household surveys after the 2012 Indian Ocean Earthquake in Phang Nga (Thailand)." Funding for this work was made possible by an Advanced Grant of the European Research Council, "Forecasting Societies Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change" (grant agreement ERC-2008-AdG 230195-FutureSoc) and Ratchadaphiseksomphot Endowment Fund of Chulalongkorn University for the project "Understanding Social Barriers to Coping with and Adapting to Extreme Climate Events" (Grant agreement number: RES560530150-CC). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik > Demographie > Wittgenstein Centre
Version of the Document: Published
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2017 13:11
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2017 13:13
Related URLs:
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/5652

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