Kaulich, Florian and Luken, Ralph and Mhlanga, Alois and Polzerova, Ingrid
Energy intensity and manufacturing firm characteristics in Sub-Saharan African countries.
Inclusive and Sustainable Development Working Paper Series 16/2016, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna.
We draw on a unique dataset for energy use by manufacturing firms in 18 Sub-Saharan African countries to estimate the relationship between energy intensity of production and firms' characteristics. Our results show that lower levels of energy intensity are associated with export activity, foreign ownership, size and capital-labor ratio, while higher levels of energy intensity are associated with a higher share of fuels in total energy consumption. We do not find a statistically significant relationship between energy intensity and the age of capital equipment or ownership of a generator, while our results on quality management certification are inconclusive.