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Drop-out mayors and graduate farmers: Educational fertility differentials by occupational status and industry in six European countries

Barakat, Bilal and Durham, Rachel Elise (2013) Drop-out mayors and graduate farmers: Educational fertility differentials by occupational status and industry in six European countries. Demographic Research, 28 (42). pp. 1213-1262. ISSN 1435-9871

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Abstract

Background: Understanding the relationship of education to fertility requires the disentangling of the potentially confounding effect of social status, which is highly correlated with education. Objective: We contribute to this aim by examining educational fertility differentials within occupational groups and industries across a broad swath of Central and Eastern Europe, specifically Austria, Greece, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, and Switzerland. Methods: Cross-sectional individual-level census samples from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) are sufficiently large to contain sizeable numbers of unusual combinations, e.g., university graduates in low-status jobs or primary school dropouts in professional categories. Completed cohort fertility, as well as the share childless and with high parity, are regressed on effects for educational attainment, occupation, industry, and all their interactions within a Bayesian framework, and the contributions to the outcome variation are analysed. Results: Education has a strong, consistent association with fertility outcomes when industry and occupation are held constant. Furthermore, fertility by industry and occupation yields fairly disparate patterns. We also find that differences in completed fertility across countries can be attributed to country-specific compositional differences in education, industry, and occupation, and to interaction effects. However, differences by country in the baseline rate of childlessness and high parity cannot be attributed to such compositional effects. Conclusions: The educational fertility gradient in the settings studied cannot be attributed to an occupational composition effect. (authors' abstract)

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This research was funded in part by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF): Z171-G11. The authors also wish to acknowledge the following statistical agencies who produced the original data: the National Bureau of Statistics of Austria, National Statistical Office of Greece, Central Statistical Office of Hungary, National Institute of Statistics of Romania, Statistical Office of Slovenia, and Federal Statistical Office of Switzerland. The authors also wish to thank the anonymous referees for their helpful comments.
Keywords: education / fertility / occupation / underdispersion
Divisions: Departments > Volkswirtschaft > Analytische Volkswirtschaftslehre
Version of the Document: Published
Variance from Published Version: None
Depositing User: Elena Simukovic
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 14:12
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 00:09
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/76863/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/5011

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