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Factors for the Emergence and Growth of Environmental Technology Industries in Upper Austria

Tödtling, Franz and Höglinger, Christoph and Sinozic, Tanja and Auer, Alexander (2014) Factors for the Emergence and Growth of Environmental Technology Industries in Upper Austria. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, 156. pp. 1-25. ISSN 0029-9138

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Abstract

Environmental technologies are considered a growing industry driven by urging climate, energy and waste problems and related regulations, among others. However, not all locations have the same preconditions for its emergence and growth. Based on regional economic, geographic and cluster theories it can be argued that particular factor and demand conditions, regional industry structures and institutional configurations play a role, but so far this has not been sufficiently explored. This paper focuses on the region of Upper Austria [Oberösterreich] that has a highly developed environmental technology industry. The sector has evolved since the beginning of the 1970s with roots in engineering, machinery, and instruments firms and has experienced fast growth and transformation. The paper explores the development of this sector in Upper Austria and the factors and conditions affecting it. Characteristics and performance of the regional industry are compared to the national level. Empirical findings are based on national survey data covering the period 1993 to 2007, exploratory interviews with local industry experts and stakeholders and recent materials. Findings suggest that the region is one of the dominant locations for environmental technologies in Austria in terms of number of firms and employees and that it has been characterised by high growth and expanding export markets. The sector seems to benefit from pre-existing industries and engineering competences and is supported by two cluster initiatives in the region. (authors' abstract)

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Multi-Level Governance and Development
Forschungsinstitute > Raum- und Immobilienwirtschaft
Version of the Document: Accepted for Publication
Variance from Published Version: None
Depositing User: Alexander Auer
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2016 11:58
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2016 12:30
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/69100/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/4979

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