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Effects of Educational Attainment on Climate Risk Vulnerability

Striessnig, Erich and Lutz, Wolfgang and Patt, Anthony (2013) Effects of Educational Attainment on Climate Risk Vulnerability. Ecology & Society, 18 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1708-3087

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Abstract

In the context of still uncertain specific effects of climate change in specific locations, this paper examines whether education significantly increases coping capacity with regard to particular climatic changes, and whether it improves the resilience of people to climate risks in general. Our hypothesis is that investment in universal primary and secondary education around the world is the most effective strategy for preparing to cope with the still uncertain dangers associated with future climate. The empirical evidence presented for a cross-country time series of factors associated with past natural disaster fatalities since 1980 in 125 countries confirms this overriding importance of education in reducing impacts. We also present new projections of populations by age, sex, and level of educational attainment to 2050, thus providing an appropriate tool for anticipating societies' future adaptive capacities based on alternative education scenarios associated with different policies. (authors' abstract)

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2013 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. Funding for this work was made possible by an Advanced Grant of the European Research Council "Forecasting Societies Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change": grant agreement ERC-2008-AdG 230195-FutureSoc and the "Wittgenstein Award" of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF):Z171-G11.
Keywords: adaptive capacity / climate change / education / natural disasters / vulnerability
Divisions: Departments > Finance, Accounting and Statistics > Statistics and Mathematics
Departments > Sozioökonomie > Sozialpolitik > Demographie
Forschungsinstitute > Human Capital and Development
Version of the Document: Published
Variance from Published Version: None
Depositing User: Elena Simukovic
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 12:17
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 16:03
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/63240/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/4747

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