A service provided by the WU Library and the WU IT-Services

Future Orientation and Taxes: Evidence from Big Data

Petutschnig, Matthias (2015) Future Orientation and Taxes: Evidence from Big Data. WU International Taxation Research Paper Series, 2015-08. WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Universität Wien, Vienna.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (424Kb) | Preview

Abstract

The paper analyses whether various aspects of a country's tax system have a positive or negative influence on individuals' attitudes towards the future. These attitudes are measured by an analysis of Google search queries derived from Google Trends which allow constructing an online futureorientation index for a sample of 58 countries. There results of this analysis indicate that capital gains taxes and value added taxes discourage future-oriented behaviour. Also, high personal income tax rates at the lowest income brackets discourage, whereas - surprisingly - the top marginal rates could positively influence an individual's future orientation. The paper contributes to existing research in three ways: First, it expands the existing tax literature by providing evidence that taxes can influence very fundamental personal values, such as individuals' general attitudes towards their future. Second, it contributes to a vast body of cross-cultural studies on future orientation by introducing tax law. Third, by using Internet search patterns the paper introduces these large, automatically gathered data sets into scientific tax research, thereby opening the possibility for further research opportunities. (author's abstract)

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information: Editors: Eva Eberhartinger, Michael Lang, Martin Zagler (Vienna University of Economics and Business), Erich Kirchler (University of Vienna) and Rupert Sausgruber (University of Innsbruck)
Keywords: future orientation / personal income tax / VAT / Capital gains tax / Google searches / Steuersystem / Einkommensteuer / Umsatzsteuer / Kapitalertragssystem / Big Data / Einstellungsmessung / Zukunftsorientierung / Zukunftsplanung
Classification Codes: RVK QL 500, MR 6400; JEL H24, H25, L26, Z13
Divisions: Departments > Öffentliches Recht und Steuerrecht > Österr. u. Europ. Öffentl. Recht > Österr. u. Europ. Öffentl. Recht
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2015 14:56
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2015 11:38
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/4483

Actions

View Item