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Cross region knowledge spillovers and total factor productivity. European evidence using a spatial panel data model

Fischer, Manfred M. and Scherngell, Thomas and Reismann, Martin (2007) Cross region knowledge spillovers and total factor productivity. European evidence using a spatial panel data model. WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna.

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Abstract

This paper concentrates on the central link between productivity and knowledge capital, and shifts attention from firms and industries to regions. The objective is to measure knowledge elasticity effects within a regional Cobb- Douglas production function framework, with an emphasis on knowledge spillovers. The analysis uses a panel of 203 European regions to estimate the effects over the period 1997-2002. The dependent variable is total factor productivity (TFP). We use a region-level relative TFP index as an approximation to the true TFP measure. This index describes how efficiently each region transforms physical capital and labour into outputs. The explanatory variables are internal and out-of-region stocks of knowledge, the latter capturing the contribution of interregional knowledge spillovers. We use patents to measure knowledge capital. Patent stocks are constructed such that patents applied at the European Patent Office in one year add to the stock in the following and then depreciate throughout the patents effective life according to a rate of knowledge obsolescence. A random effects panel data spatial error model is advocated and implemented for analyzing the productivity effects. The findings provide a fairly remarkable confirmation of the role of knowledge capital contributing to productivity differences among regions, and adding an important dimension to the discussion, showing that knowledge spillover effects increase with geographic proximity. (authors' abstract)

Item Type: Paper
Keywords: total factor productivity / knowledge spillovers / European regions / panel data / spatial econometrics
Classification Codes: JEL C23, O49, O52, R15
Divisions: Departments > Sozioökonomie > Wirtschaftsgeographie und Geoinformatik > Fischer
Depositing User: ePub Administrator
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 15:55
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2015 03:55
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/42140/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/3950

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