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Human Mobility and International Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence from High-tech Small and Medium Enterprises in an Emerging Market

Liu, Xiaohui and Wright, Mike and Filatotchev, Igor and Dai, Ou and Lu, Jiangyong (2010) Human Mobility and International Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence from High-tech Small and Medium Enterprises in an Emerging Market. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal , 4 (4). pp. 340-355. ISSN 1932-4391

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Abstract

Using novel survey data, we examine the relationship between returnee entrepreneurs, multinational enterprise (MNE) working experience and firms' innovation performance in high-tech SMEs in China. We adopt an integrated framework which combines the knowledge based view and social capital theory to investigate whether human mobility across national borders and MNE working experience facilitate international knowledge spillovers. We find that firms founded by returnees are more innovative than their local counterparts. We also find that returnee firms have an indirect impact/spillover effect on non-returnee firms' innovation performance and act as a new channel for technological knowledge spillovers. The findings show that the presence of a technology gap positively moderates the effect of returnee spillovers on non-returnee firms' innovation performance but the impact of MNE working experience on local innovation is constrained by the technology gap. Our results extend the existing literatures on knowledge spillovers and strategic entrepreneurship and have important managerial and policy implications. (authors' abstract)

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: To see the final version of this paper please visit the publisher's website. Access to the published version may require a subscription. The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Divisions: Departments > Welthandel > International Business
Version of the Document: Draft
Variance from Published Version: Typographical
Depositing User: Dissertation Administrator
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2011 14:23
Last Modified: 14 May 2015 22:02
Related URLs:
FIDES Link: https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/54133/
URI: http://epub.wu.ac.at/id/eprint/3292

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