Badinger, Harald and Breuss, Fritz
Do small countries of a trade bloc gain more of its enlargement? An empirical test of the Casella effect for the case of the European Community.
EI Working Papers / Europainstitut, 46.
Forschungsinstitut für Europafragen, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna.
Casella (1996) derives theoretically the result that the gains from enlarging a trade bloc fall disproportionately on its small member states. Testing this hypothesis for the Member States of the European Community and its enlargements since 1973, we find mixed results, indicating that such a small country bonus may well exists, but that it is partly neutralized or dominated by economic forces that tend to favour large countries. (author's abstract)